The Turkish Cypriot Pseudostate
and Turkey's Objectives.
Published by the Press and Information Office,
Republic of Cyprus, 1994.
The "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" is an
unrecognized and illegal "state". It forms the part of the territory of the
Republic of Cyprus which was occupied in 1974 when the Turkish army invaded the island,
and which then declared itself "independent", on 15 November 1983. It owes its
existence to the military and economic support it receives from Turkey, the aggressor in
The Turkish invasion and occupation forcibly divided the
internationally recognized Republic of Cyprus, a sovereign and independent state, with a
mixed population of nearly three quarters of a million consisting of 82% Greek Cypriots
(including Maronites, Armenians and Latins) and 18% Turkish Cypriots, and forcibly
segregated its people. Previously the two communities had lived together harmoniously for
more than 400 years. In a blatant policy of ethnic cleansing, the invading troops forced
the local Greek Cypriots out of their homes, turning a third of the population into
refugees. The occupation regime then gave these homes to the Turkish Cypriots and Turkish
settlers illegally transferred from the mainland.
Thus a minority community of 18% came to control almost 40% of the
territory of the island. The dividing line which cuts across the country not only divides
the land but its people.
The unilateral declaration of independence of the occupied part
of Cyprus is part of Turkey's long held expansionist designs with regard to the island. It
is in line with a series of steps aimed at establishing a Turkish state on the island.
creating a homogeneous foothold under Turkey's control.
This was a policy that had been planned beforehand and dates back to
the 1950's, as evidenced by public statements of Turkish politicians at the time.
The Republic of Cyprus
After a four year liberation struggle against the British, Cyprus
became an independent Republic in 1960. The Zurich and London Agreements gave Cyprus a
constitution which eventually proved to be inoperative. Its basic flaw was that rather
than promoting unity, it contained a recipe for infinite deadlock by granting extensive
powers of veto to the Turkish Cypriots. In November 1963 President Makarios proposed a
revision of the constitution aiming at strengthening cohesion and functionality. The
Turkish side promptly rejected it, refusing any consideration or discussion of
constitutional change. It then began to implement and impose on the members of the Turkish
Cypriot community a policy of withdrawal from the institutions of government and
The aim of this long-standing policy was the dissolution of the
Republic of Cyprus and the creation of a separate Turkish Cypriot "state" which
would ultimately be absorbed by Turkey.
Pretext for invasion
By 1973 considerable progress had been achieved in a series of
intercommunal talks. However, on 15 July 1974 a coup d'etat was staged by the military
junta then ruling Athens. Using the coup as a pretext Turkey invaded the island on 20 July
1974 thereby putting into operation Turkey's long standing plan to partition Cyprus. Eight
days later the coupist administration collapsed along with the Greek junta.
Despite the swift collapse of the coup and the return of the
legitimate government of Cyprus. Turkish forces undertook a second operation twenty days
The advance halted on a line which was almost precisely the one
proposed by Turkey as the demarcation of partition in 1965.
This disproves the Turkish claim that the invasion of Cyprus was
undertaken in compliance with the 1960 treaties as an operation to restore constitutional
Steps to secession
Turkey's further moves were also indicative of its intentions.
It got rid of the Greek Cypriots in the north. Through a deliberate
means of terror and indiscriminate cruelty it made the civilian population run away. It
wanted territory without people, a 20th century example of ethnic cleansing. Out of 20.000
Greek Cypriots and Maronites who remained in the occupied area after the cessation of
hostilities, mainly in the Karpass peninsula, an area that escaped the Turkish army's push
to split the island, today only 715 mostly elderly people remain. Harassed and intimidated
over the years, most eventually left.
It moved the Turkish Cypriots in the south to the north, giving them
the homes and property abandoned by the Greek Cypriots.
It increased the numbers by bringing in Turkish settlers from
Turkey, thereby attempting to change the demographic character and population ratio on the
Over the years the regime set up in the occupied area, gradually
erased all things Christian or Hellenistic. Greek place names that had survived Ottoman
rule, were given Turkish substitutes. Churches were destroyed or turned into mosques or
stables. Ancient monuments were left unprotected, while works of art were illegally
removed and sold on the international black art market.
A Turkish Province
Nowadays the occupied area has increasingly taken on the character
of a province in Turkey. The occupied area's economy depends totally on Turkey and the
Turkish lira has become legal tender. It is indicative that the postal code for the
occupied area is "Mersin, Turkey". Turkish troops are seldom out of sight. A
statue of Kemal Ataturk stands in most squares.
As for the Turkish Cypriots they are a dying breed. Unemployment and
unbearable living conditions has forced many of them to leave the island. It is estimated
that since 1974 at least a quarter of the Turkish Cypriot community has emigrated. A
report in Turkish Cypriot newspaper Yeniduzen on 30 August 1994, puts the present number
of Turkish Cypriots at 64.000 out of an original 103.000, and says that a further 44.000
Turkish Cypriots have applied to emigrate. Turkish Cypriots are now outnumbered by the
approximately 85.000 Turkish settlers and the additional 35.000 Turkish occupation troops.
A Dangerous Precedent
The declaration of the occupied territories as an "independent
state" was condemned by the UN Security Council (Resolutions 541 and 550), which
declared it legally invalid, called for its immediate withdrawal and urged all states not
to recognize it. No country in the world except Turkey has recognized it.
It seems however, that recognition is the Turkish side's next
objective. Turkey's policy on Cyprus is primarily aimed at prolonging and legitimizing the
status quo. With that in mind any proposals made at the negotiating table are approached
by the Turkish side not from the point of view of assisting in a solution but from the
point of view of whether they secure the political recognition of the status quo.
The Turkish Foreign Minister Mumtaz Cecil himself said during an
interview on Turkish television on 26 September 1994: "A two state system already
exists in Cyprus. The existence of such a system should be accepted."
This cannot be allowed to happen. If it were, it would set a
dangerous precedent for other countries with minority communities. Cyprus, the size of a
large borough in a metropolis, is too small to be divided.
In an age when barriers elsewhere in Europe are being dismantled,
the division of Cyprus is an anachronism maintained by Turkey for purely expansionist
reasons to the detriment of the people of the island. Greek and Turkish Cypriots. These
people have lived peacefully together for centuries. They should be allowed to do so
again. Their future lies in a united, independent, bicommunal federal republic, as
stipulated by all relevant UN resolutions.
Cypriots cannot move freely throughout their country, nor can
they settle down or own property wherever they choose.
The land and property in the occupied area belonging to Greek
Cypriots was confiscated from them.
A large number of the people who live in the occupied area are not
the rightful inhabitants of the island. They have been illegally imported to colonize the